illinois constitution 1818

The Illinois House of Representatives is the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois.The body was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818. From 1818 until 1848, Illinois went through a time of rapid growth and development. The first Constitution of Illinois was adopted in 1818 … Price $0.95 each, any quantity. One of those requirements stated that Illinois had to pass a state Constitution. The following excerpt on the constitution is from Illinois in 1818 [click here for more information] by Solon Buck. Background: On April 18, 1818, President James Monroe signed legislation known as the Enabling Act, which laid out the requirements for Illinois to become a state. What is the North geographic boundary of Illinois? 2. JOSEPH KITCHELL, Crawford Co. LEONARD WHITE, ED. Article IV of the new Constitution described the judicial system. All white male U.S. citizens who had resided in the Illinois Territoryfor at least six months prior to the election, or whom were otherwise qualified to vote for representation, were permitted to vote. It established the three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - their roles, and defined the state's official boundaries and first capital. (1)Kaskaskia, (2)Vandalia, (3)Springfield. B[ENJ]. Illinois has been governed under four constitutions, enacted in 1818, 1848, 1870 and 1970. 19._____The Illinois Constitution does not have a bill of rights in it. And they do hereby ratify the boundaries assigned to such state by the act of congress aforesaid, which are as follows, to wit: Beginning at the mouth of the Wabash river, thence up the same, and with the line of Indiana to the northwest corner of said state; then east with the line of the same state, to the middle of Lake Michigan; thence north, along the middle of said lake, to north latitude 42 degrees and 30 minutes; thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river, and thence down, along the middle of that river, to its confluence with the Ohio river; and thence up the latter river, along its northwestern shore, to the beginning. That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and unalterably established, we declare: Done in convention at Kaskaskia, the twenty-sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the forty-third. The first constitution for Illinois was written in 1818. Delegates approved the new Constitution on August 26, 1818. To address the State’s growing revenue problems, the proposed revision included a provision f… The Constitution was not submitted to the voters but became operative when Congress approved statehood. Trustee Village. 3. 1848. What constitutions has Illinois had? GEORGE FISHER, Randolph County. To some degree it ... form in each of Illinois’ four Constitutions (1818, 1848, 1870, and 1970). 2. Take up the quiz below and see how well you understood it. An election for delegates to a state constitutional convention was scheduled for July 6, 1818. It established the state's bicameral legislative system and a provided for a governor and lieutenant governor to be elected every four years. JESSE B. THOMAS, § 1. A city, village, or town. SETH GARD, Edwards County. Text of the Constitution of the State of Illinois 1848, excerpted from: Compilation of all the general laws concerning real estate and the title thereto, in the State of Illinois 1849, p. 63-106. 1818 Map of Illinois 1833 Map of Illinois; Illinois became a state in April 1818. ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE. This 16-page student edition is in booklet form and contains the entire Illinois Constitution as written (in an easy-to-read format). The Illinois Constitution of 1818. Article IV of the new Constitution described the judicial system. Note: The 1818 Illinois Constitution is one of four state Constitutions Illinois has had. The first Illinois Constitution was written in the year 1818 and has had three more since then with the third and currently used one was adopted in 1970, and it has been revised with no drastic changes. The legislative branch or the General Assembly of Illinois has two houses. N. CULLOM, ADOLPHUS F'D'K HUBBARD. Q. The 1848 constitution was created to meet Illinois' growing population a… THOMAS ROBERTS, Attest, WM. ANDREW BANKSON, Washington Co. WILLIS HARGRAVE, White Co. WILLIAM M'HENRY, ISHAM HARRISON, Franklin Cou'ty. Q. The present constitution of Illinois went into effect on. Includes Illinois state symbols, review questions, Illinois legislative map, a review of the Illinois Bicentennial (1818-2018) and student activities to make for an interesting read. 16._____Illinois became a state in 1818. To carry these out, states have set up state constitutions. JOHN WHITEAKER, LEVI COMPTON. ARTICLE XII - MILITIA. Illinois became a state in April 1818. The Illinois Constitution of 1870 contained a revenue article that authorized taxes on four categories: property, privileges, franchises and certain occupations. This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. The Illinois Constitution of 1818 was modeled after the United States Constitution and written in Kaskasia, Illinois, the state's first capital. How many branches of government are there? Have you had some time to read the said constitution and what it contains? The capitol of Illinois is. Name the dates of the Illinois Constitutions. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th, 1818, entitled “An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into … STEPHENSON, Madison County. The Illinois Constitutional Convention of 1818. C. GREENUP, Secretary to the Convention, https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=Illinois_Constitution_of_1818&oldid=10258325, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The idea of publishing an annotated Illinois Constitution was conceived by Associate Direc-tor Gerald L. Gherardini and sponsored by Senator Dawn Clark Netsch in 1979. The 1818 constitution was written at a constitutional convention at Illinois' first capital, Kaskaskia. Illinois became a state on December 3, 1818. The 1818 Illinois Constitution created three branches of government, just like the U.S. Constitution--legislative, executive, and judicial. Series Title: Illinois State Historical Library. SAMUEL OMELVANY, Pope County ELIAS KENT KANE, HAMLET FERGUSON. The constitution is available at the Illinois State Archives as part of Secretary of State Record Series 103.012, "First Constitution of Illinois. Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. However, the acknowledged leader of the convention was 24-year-old Elias Kent Kane, a New York born attorney who had graduated from Yale. The militia of the State of Illinois shall consist of all free male able-bodied persons, negroes, mulattoes and Indians excepted, resident in the state, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, except such persons as now are, or hereafter may be, exempted by the laws of the United States or of this state, and shall be armed, equipped and trained as the general assembly may provide by law. No person or persons, conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms, shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… Our state’s Constitution has evolved over time to better fit changing times and a changing Illinois… ... 1818, 1848, 1870, 1970. Nevertheless, both the House and the Senate approved statehood for Illinois and President James Monroe signed the legislation on December 3, 1818. Illinois General Assembly, "Illinois Constitution" YouTube, "The Illinois Constitution" Illinois Courts Learning Center, "Lesson 2 - The Illinois Constitution" Tripod.com, "Illinois Constitution of 1818" Additional reading. President of the convention and representative from the county of St. Clair. It must have been a great event for the quaint old town of Kaskaskia when the constitutional convention assembled on the first Monday in August 1818. It was considered very liberal at the time, allowing all white males who had lived in the state for six months the right to vote with no property restrictions and no requirement that they be U. S. citizens. In response, a second constitution was written and adopted in 1848. Illinois had 15 counties at the time … Springfield. 5. 17._____The current Illinois Constitution was written in 1955. ". Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. Following elections in July, 33 delegates met in the territorial capital of Kaskaskia on Monday, August 3, 1818, to begin drafting a state Constitution. Capital of Illinois. In 1818 the Illinois State Constitution extended citizenship to all white men over the age of twenty-one years [1]. ARTICLE IX - REVENUE. ARTICLE X - EDUCATION. Illinois has had four state constitutions in its nearly 200-year history: 1. CONRAD WILL, Jackson County. The U.S. Constitution gives certain responsibilities to the states. Page Flip View : View Image & Text: Download: small (250x250 max) medium (500x500 max) ... Illinois Constitution: Illinois Firefighter Line of Duty Deaths Digital Image Collection: Illinois Historic Aerial Photographs, 1936-1941: It was not until the third Illinois State Constitution in 1870 that suffrage was extended to African American men [3]. § 2. Kaskaskia had been the territorial capital and was the state capital of Illinois from 1818 through 1820. They are. The Illinois Senate is the upper chamber of the Illinois General Assembly, the legislative branch of the government of the State of Illinois in the United States.The body was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. Thirty years later, the second Illinois State Constitution still denied suffrage to women [2]. Both the Illinois Constitution and the Federal Constitution has a Bill of Rights. In Congress, 34 members of the House voted against admitting Illinois to the Union because they believed the Constitution did not go far enough to prohibit slavery. JOSEPH BOROUGH, JAMES HALL, jr. ABRAHAM PRICKETT, MICHAEL JONES, Gallatin County. ARTICLE III - SUFFRAGE AND ELECTIONS. municipality. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, printed by order of the House of Representatives. Kane became Illinois' first Secretary of State and then a United States Senator from Illinois. In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names: 1827. ARTICLE XI - ENVIRONMENT. Constitution of the State of Illinois, 1818, Page 14 ADVERTISEMENT . ARTICLE II - THE POWERS OF THE STATE. Judge Jesse Thomas, who was to become one of Illinois' first two United States Senators, served as president of the convention. The Constitution … 1814. JOHN MESSINGER, St.Clair County. Adopted at Kaskaskia in convention, August 26, 1818. 1818. 1. History of the Constitutions --Ordinance of 1787 --Act of Congress, May 7, 1800 --Act of Congress, February 3, 1809 --Act of Congress, April 18, 1818 --Ordinance of 1818 --Constitution of 1818 --Constitution of 1848 --Constitution of 1870 --Table of Cases --Index to Constitution of 1870. The Document: The 1818 State Constitution consists of eight articles and was modeled after the state constitutions of New York, Kentucky and Ohio. three. The first Illinois constitution was drafted in 1818 to satisfy Congress' requirements for elevation from territorial status to full statehood. The militia of the state of Illinois shall consist of all free male ablebodied persons (negroes, mulattoes and Indians excepted,) residents of the state, between the ages of 18 and 45 years, except such persons as now are or hereafter may be exempted by the laws of the United States or of this state, and shall be armed, equipped and trained as the general assembly may provide by law. KIRKPATRICK, Bond County. It also severely limited the powers of the governor and set aside land in every township for schools. SJB 8th grade Illinois Constitution test. They are treated Until the Great Depression, Illinois relied on a statewide property tax for most of its revenue. This page was last edited on 14 June 2020, at 07:12. ORIGINAL CONSTITUTION OF ILLINOIS AUGUST 26, 1818 -The Illinois constitutional convention, meeting at Kaskaskia, adopted a state constitution and selected Kaskaskia as the first state capital. THOS. Q. Delegates approved the new Constitution on August 26, 1818. HEZEKIAH WEST, Johnson County SAMUEL G. MORSE, WILLIAM M'FATRIDGE. Frontispiece Previous: 1 of 100: Next : View Description. When statehood for Illinois was approved on April 18, 1818, the U.S. Congress approved the formation of a state constitution. Sect. A Supreme Court of four judges was established, and three of the four Supreme Court judges constituted a quorum. CALDWELL CAIRNS, Monroe County JAMES LEMON, jr. ENOCH MOORE. Six trustees and a village president. When the fourth Illinois Constitution was established Number of amendments that the Illinois Constitution has The year in which Illinois became a state Congress did not, however, require that this charter be submitted to the Illinois electorate for adoption. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (52) Name the Capitols of Illinois. No person or persons conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms shall be compelled to do militia duty in time of peace, provi… It also required that taxes on each category had to be uniform. The challenge of the prairies slowed emigration into the region; when Illinois was granted statehood in 1818, the population was only about 35,000, and most of … 20._____No state law in Illinois may go against a national law. ARTICLE I - BILL OF RIGHTS. The term of office of the Governor of Illinois is. CLICK HERE to view the actual signatures. 18._____The Illinois Constitution was based off of the U.S. Constitution. Wisconsin. A new constitution, designed to replace the 1870 governing document, was presented to voters in 1922. WILLIAM ECHOLS, Union County. To view the full text version of the 1818 constitution, click here (offsite link) The main topics of the election were whether it was sensible to have a constitution at that time and, if so, wh… The Document: The 1818 State Constitution consists of eight articles and was modeled after the state constitutions of New York, Kentucky and Ohio. It also set up the boundaries for the State and named Kaskaskia as the capital. THE people of the Illinois territory, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the Union, consistent with the constitution of the United States, the ordinance of congress of 1787, and the law of congress approved April 18th , 1818, entitled "An act to enable the people of the Illinois territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the original states, and for other purposes;" in order to establish justice, promote the welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity, do by their representatives in convention, ordain and establish the following constitution or form of government; and do mutually agree with each other to form themselves into a free and independent state, by the name of the State of Illinois. Territorial Census (1818) The 1818 census is divided by county. What year did Illinois become a State? Election was by popular vote with 1 judge of 3 elected from each of the divisions of the state (Northern, Central and Southern) for a 9-year term. Artifact Content (a transcription from the historical document or compilation) ever after the aforesaid period, the justices of the supreme court shall be commissioned during good behavior, and the justices thereof shall not hold circuit courts unless required by law. A Supreme Court of four judges was established, and 3 of the 4 Supreme Court judges constituted a quorum. The 1st Supreme Court judges were to ride circuit until their term expired in 1824 and, with the exception of these first judges, all judicial tenure was based on good behavior. 1818 Constitution The first Illinois Constitution was written during the summer of 1818 at a convention in Kaskaskia on the banks of the Mississippi River. 1818, 1848, 1870, 1971. ARTICLE IV - THE LEGISLATURE. 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